Table I

Tracing the Expansive Development of E(E)C Competition Policy*

  1957 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000+
Restrictive practices 0 1 2 3 4 4
Abusive Monopolies 0 1 2 2 3 3
Mergers 0 0 0 0 4 4
Liberalized Utilities (telecoms, energy, postal services) 0 1 1 2 4 4
State Aids 0 1 1 2 3 4

Scale Coding
0 = No EU Competence
1 = EU Competence but dormant
2 = EU Competence slowly developing
3 = EU Competence and active
4 = EU Competence and very active

*This table relates specifically to the competition policy provisions of the EEC Treaty and subsequent developments and deliberately excludes the competition provisions (Articles 65 and 66) under the (now defunct) ECSC Treaty in these more specific economic sectors. The coding reflects both institutional drive and activity and legislative and administrative changes to how each of the five areas were handled.

Figure 1

Competition Policy: Spilling over into other more sensitive economic sectors

Figure 1
©2007 by Lee McGowan
formated and tagged by KH, 12.5.2007