Table I

The procedures of comitology committees

  Vote result
Procedure
Qualified majority in favour
Between QM in favour and QM against
Qualified majority against
Advisory procedure
Commission only takes notice of the committee's opinion, and a simple majority of member states suffices for that
Management procedure
Commission may adopt its proposal Commission may either abandon its proposal or refer it to the Council (if Council does not act in time, the proposal may be implemented)
Regulatory procedure
Commission may adopt its proposal Commission may either abandon its proposal or refer it (or an amended version) to the Council. If Council does not act, the Commission may adopt its latest proposal
Safeguard procedure
Add-on procedure: Any participant may refer the matter to the Council and thereby abandon the committee procedure

Table II

Locating accountability deficits in comitology

 
Constitutional perspective
Democratic perspective
Collective/institutional level
Accountability of the committee towards non-principals: i.e. the Court of Justice Accountability of the committee towards its legislative principals: i.e. the Council and, under codecision, the European Parliament
Individual level
- Accountability of committee participants to their domestic superiors: i.e. within national ministries

Figure 1

Multi-level accountability

Figure1

Figure 2

Example of a chain of delegation

Figure2
©2007 byGijs Jan Brandsma
formated and tagged by KH, .16.5.2007