List of Tables and Figures

 

Table 1: Mode of Governance in the EU Economic and Social Policy

  Effect
Mode of Governance market-making market-correcting
Hierarchical Direction Monetary policy; Competition policy (merger and state aid control); Gender Equality (TEC)
Joint Decisions (Community Method) Common Market Directives (e.g. Services Directive) Social protection for mobile workers who cross national borders Gender Equality (Guidelines) Labour legislation, conditions and protection (Incl. social partnership guidelines) European Social Fund
Intergovernmental Negotiations (governments remain in control of the decision) Labour Market Policies* (Broad Economic Policy Guidelines; European Employment Strategy) Social security* and social inclusion* (Open Method of Coordination)
Mutual adjustment (Competition through non-decisions) Wages; Corporate Taxes Product regulation

* Effect is less clear

 

Figure 1: Collective Bargaining Coverage in EU member states, 2006

Figure1: Collective Bargaining Coverage in EU member states, 2006

Source: ICTWSS: Database on Institutional Characteristics of Trade Unions, Wage Setting, State Intervention and Social Pacts in 34 countries between1960 and 2007. http://www.uva-aias.net/207 Greece & Hungary: 2005; Slovenia: 2003.

 

Figure 2: Centre-left parties in percentage of total cabinet posts in all EU member states

Figure2: Centre-left parties in percentage of total cabinet posts in all EU member states

Data: Armingeon et al. (2008): Comparative Political Data Set III 1990-2006


©2009 by Armin Schäfer and Simone Leiber
European Integration online Papers (EIoP), Special Issue 1, Vol. 13 (2009), Art. 9
http://eiop.or.at/eiop/texte/2009-009a.htm