List of Tables

 

Table 1: Total social expenditure, per cent of GDP (changes in italics)

  1996 2000 2006 2000-2006 1996-2006
Austria 28.9 28.4 28.5 0.1 -0.4
Germany 29.4 29.3 28.7 -0.6 -0.7
France 30.6 29.5 31.1 1.6 0.5
Belgium 28 26.5 30.1 3.6 2.1
Luxembourg 21.2 19.6 20.4 0.8 -0.8
Netherlands 29.6 26.4 29.3 2.9 -0.3
Mean 28 26.6 28 1.4 0
Denmark 31.2 28.9 29.1 0.2 -2.1
Sweden 33.1 30.1 30.7 0.6 -2.4
Finland 31.4 25.1 26.2 1.1 -5.2
Mean 31.9 28 28.7 0.7 -3.2
Italy 24.3 24.7 26.6 1.9 2.3
Spain 21.5 20.3 20.9 0.6 -0.6
Greece 20.5 23.5 24.2 0.7 3.7
Portugal 20.2 21.7 25.4 3.7 5.2
Mean 21.6 22.6 24.3 1.7 2.7
Ireland 17.6 13.9 18.2 4.3 0.6
UK 27.4 26.4 26.4 0 -1
Mean 22.5 20.2 22.3 2.1 -0.2
EU-15 27.8 26.8 27.5 0.7 -0.3

Source: Eurostat

 

Table 2: Total labour market policy expenditure, per cent of GDP/unemployment rate (changes in italics)

  1990 1996 2006 1996-2006 1990-2006
Austria 0.41 0.48 0.44 -0.04 0.04
Germany 0.37 0.42 0.28 -0.14 -0.09
France 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.01 0
Belgium 0.41 0.32 0.41 0.09 0.01
Luxembourg 0.65 0.35 0.35 0 -0.3
Netherlands 0.49 0.7 0.74 0.04 0.25
Mean 0.43 0.42 0.41 -0.01 -0.01
Denmark 0.65 0.79 0.82 0.03 0.18
Sweden 1.42 0.44 0.33 -0.11 -1.09
Finland 0.61 0.35 0.33 -0.02 -0.28
Mean 0.89 0.53 0.5 -0.03 -0.4
Spain 0.21 0.11 0.26 0.15 0.05
Portugal 0.18 0.19 0.24 0.05 0.06
Mean 0.19 0.15 0.25 0.1 0.06
Ireland 0.28 0.3 0.33 0.03 0.06
UK 0.18 0.13 0.09 -0.04 -0.09
Mean 0.23 0.22 0.21 0 -0.02
EU-13 0.47 0.37 0.38 0 -0.09

Source: OECD, Dataset Public Expenditure and Participant Stocks in LMP. Italy and Greece have been omitted from this set due to missing data.

 

Table 3: Poverty rate, 60 per cent of media income, in per cent (changes in italics)

  1997 2001 2007 2001-2007 1997-2007
Austria 13.0 12.0 12.0 0.0 -1.0
Germany 12.0 11.0 15.0 4.0 3.0
France 15.0 13.0 13.0 0.0 -2.0
Belguim 14.0 13.0 15.0 2.0 1.0
Luxembourg 11.0 12.0 14.0 2.0 3.0
Netherlands 10.0 11.0 10.0 -1.0 0.0
Mean 12.5 12.0 13.2 1.2 0.7
Denmark 10.0 10.0 12.0 2.0 2.0
Sweden 8.0 9.0 11.0 2.0 3.0
Finland 8.0 11.0 13.0 2.0 5.0
Mean 8.7 10.0 12.0 2.0 3.3
Italy 19.0 19.0 20.0 1.0 1.0
Spain 20.0 19.0 20.0 1.0 0.0
Greece 22.0 20.0 18.0 -2.0 -4.0
Portugal 21.0 20.0 20.0 0.0 -1.0
Mean 20.5 19.5 19.5 0.0 -1.0
Ireland 19.0 21.0 18.0 -3.0 -1.0
UK 18.0 18.0 19.0 1.0 1.0
Mean 18.5 19.5 18.5 -1.0 0.0
EU-15 16.0 15.0 17.0 2.0 1.0

Source: Eurostat

 

Table 4: Income inequality, Gini coefficient (changes in italics)

  1997 2001 2007 2001-2007 1997-2007
Austria 25.0 24.0 26.0 2.0 1.0
Germany 25.0 25.0 30.0 5.0 5.0
France 29.0 27.0 26.0 -1.0 -3.0
Belguim 27.0 28.0 26.0 -2.0 -1.0
Luxembourg 25.0 27.0 27.0 0.0 2.0
Netherlands 26.0 27.0 28.0 1.0 2.0
Mean 26.2 26.3 27.2 0.8 1.0
Denmark 20.0 22.0 25.0 3.0 5.0
Sweden 21.0 24.0 23.0 -1.0 2.0
Finland 22.0 27.0 26.0 -1.0 4.0
Mean 21.0 24.3 24.7 0.3 3.7
Italy 31.0 29.0 32.0 3.0 1.0
Spain 35.0 33.0 31.0 -2.0 -4.0
Greece 35.0 33.0 34.0 1.0 -1.0
Portugal 36.0 37.0 37.0 0.0 1.0
Mean 34.3 33.0 33.5 0.5 -0.8
Ireland 33.0 29.0 31.0 2.0 -2.0
UK 30.0 35.0 33.0 -2.0 3.0
Mean 31.5 32.0 32.0 0.0 0.5
EU-15 29.0 29.0 30.0 1.0 1.0

Source: Eurostat


©2009 by Milena Büchs
European Integration online Papers (EIoP), Special Issue 1, Vol. 13 (2009), Art. 11
http://eiop.or.at/eiop/texte/2009-011a.htm